Pipes And Redirection
15.1 Do This
Source 27: Linux/Mac OSX Exercise
$ cat ex12.txt ex13.txt | less $ cat < ex13.txt I am a fun guy.
Don't you know why? Because I make poems, that make babies cry. $ less < ex12.txt
$ less < ex12.txt | cat | less $ cat ex13.txt > ex15.txt $ cat ex15.txt
I am a fun guy. Don't you know why? Because I make poems, that make babies cry. $
Source 28: Windows Exercise
> cd .. > cd temp > cat ex12.txt,ex13.txt | more
> echo "I am a new file." > ex15.txt > cat ex15.txt I am a new file.
> cat ex15.txt > another.txt > cat another.txt I am a new file.
> cat ex15.txt | more >
15.2 You Learned This
Now we get to the cool part of the command line: redirection. The concept is that
you can take a command and you can change where its input and output goes. You
use the < (less-than), > (greater-than), and | (pipe) symbols to do this. Here's a
- The | takes the output from the command on the left, and "pipes" it to the
command on the right. In line 1 you see me do that.
- The < will take and send the input from the file on the right to the program
on the left. You see me do that in line 2. This does not work in PowerShell.
- The > takes the output of the command on the left, then writes it to the file
on the right. You see me do that on line 9.
- The >> takes the output of the command on the left, then appends it to the
file on the right.
There are a few more symbols, but we'll start with just these for now.
15.3 Do More
- Create some more index cards for memorizing these three symbols. Write
the symbol on one side, then what it does on the other side. Drill these
just like the other commands.